Your lab reports must include the following components:

Introduction (paragraph form)
a) Background Information – explain relevant terms and concepts from class
b) Variables – identification of:
a. dependent variables
b. independent variables
c. any constants and controls used in the experiment
c) Question – What is the experiment trying to prove?
d) Hypothesis – Educated guess that answers the question and is made before the experiment is performed: “If we do this, then this will happen.”

Experimentation (point form)
a) Materials – numbered list of all materials used in the experiment, including quantities, for example:
1. 50ml of water
2. 25g of baking soda

b) Procedures – numbered list of specific steps performed during the experiment, beginning with verbs (i.e. put, place, pour, add, measure, etc.), for example:
1. Measure 50ml of water.
2. Add 25g of baking soda in a plastic cup.

Results (paragraph form (a) and point form (b and c))
a) Written Description – qualitative observations made using the senses
b) Data Table – quantitative observations made using measurements
c) Diagrams – detailed labeled drawings of what happened in the experiment

Analysis (paragraph form)
a) Explanation – discusses the scientific reason for the results describing the pattern or major trend revealed by the results
b) Graph – graph with titles, labels and an appropriate scale

Conclusion (paragraph form)
a) Summary – 1 or 2 sentences describing the procedures and results in general
b) Answer – how the results answer the question and whether the hypothesis was proved or disproved
c) Learnings – description of major results and/or most interesting observations
d) Errors – possible mistakes that could have been made during the procedures that could have affected the results
e) Applications – specific example of how the results of this experiment can help people

Lab Report Rubric